How to Install Tomcat Version 10 on Ubuntu Server?

Step1. Login to the server with SSH access.

Username: root
Password: ********

Step2. Before we install Tomcat on Ubuntu, update the system packages file.

root@ayechan:~# sudo apt update

Step3. Tomcat is a Java server; we need to have JDK installed on the system. Please use the following command.

root@ayechan:~# sudo apt install openjdk-11-jdk

If we finished the installation, we can check java version using following command.

root@ayechan:~# java -version

Step4. Create Tomcat User and Group

For security, we should not run tomcat under root user. So, we will create new group and system user to run the Apache tomcat service with home directory /opt/tomcat.

root@ayechan:~# sudo groupadd tomcat

root@ayechan:~# sudo useradd -s /bin/false -g tomcat -d /opt/tomcat tomcat

Step5. Download and Extract Tomcat 10

You can download it directly from the Tomcat download page. Just copy the link of the core tar.gz file under the Binary Distributions section.

Go back to the terminal and change to the /tmp directory with the command.

root@ayechan:~# cd /tmp

To download from the copied link (from Tomcat website), use the following curl command:

root@ayechan:~# curl -O

To extract the tar.gz Tomcat file, create a new /opt/tomcat/ directory with the command. After that extract the file in the new directory with the following command.

root@ayechan:~# sudo mkdir /opt/tomcat

root@ayechan:~# sudo tar xzvf apache-tomcat-10.1.17.tar.gz -C /opt/tomcat --strip-components=1

Step6. Now, change the ownership of the /opt/tomcat/bin directory to tomcat and set the execution permission to all files and directories.

root@ayechan:~# cd /opt/tomcat

root@ayechan:~# sudo chown -R tomcat: /opt/tomcat

root@ayechan:~# sudo sh -c 'chmod +x /opt/tomcat/bin/*.sh'

Step7. Create System Unit File

Before we use Tomcat service, we need to create a systemd service file. To configure the file, we first need to find the JAVA_HOME path. Using the following command.

root@ayechan:~# sudo update-java-alternatives -l

Open your text editor and create a file name tomcat.service in the /etc/systemd/system.

root@ayechan:~# sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/tomcat.service

Next, paste the following configuration:

Description=Apache Tomcat Web Application Container
Environment=”JAVA_HOME /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.11.0-openjdk-amd64”
Environment=”CATALINA_OPTS=-Xms512M -Xmx1024M -server -XX:+UseParallelGC”

For the changes to take place, reload the system daemon with the command.

root@ayechan:~# sudo systemctl daemon-reload

The following commands will allow you to execute the Tomcat service:

root@ayechan:~# cd /opt/tomcat/bin

root@ayechan:~# sudo ./ run

Step8. Adjust the Firewall Setting

Tomcat uses Port 8080, which is outside your local network.

root@ayechan:~# sudo ufw allow 8080/tcp

root@ayechan:~# sudo ufw status

If the port is open, we can check Tomcat webpage from the browser


Step9. Configure Web Management Interface

For security reasons, it is recommended to create an admin user and password to access the Tomcat application. You can create it by editing tomcat-users.xml file.

root@ayechan:~# sudo nano /opt/tomcat/conf/tomcat-users.xml

<role rolename="manager-gui"/>
<user username="tomcatadmin" password="password" roles="manager-gui,admin-gui"/>

Step10. Enable Tomcat Remote Access

The default Tomcat manager and host-manager applications are accessible for localhost only. To allow access to these pages from the remote system, you need to modify the following configuration files.

root@ayechan:~# sudo nano /opt/tomcat/webapps/manager/META-INF/context.xml

Close the following lines: Repeat the same process for the host-manager file

<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RemoteAddrValve"
allow="127\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+|::1|0000:1|THE.IP.ADDRESS." />

Similarly edit context.xml for the host manager application in the text editor:

root@ayechan:~# sudo nano /opt/tomcat/webapps/host-manager/META-INF/context.xml

root@ayechan:~# sudo systemctl restart tomcat

Thank you!!!

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